In vitro fertilization (or IVF) is a highly successful assisted
reproductive technology. There are four basic steps in an IVF treatment
A woman begins taking fertility medications to encourage development of
eggs within the ovaries. These medications stimulate the follicles to
produce more than one egg in a cycle.
Egg retrieval is a minor surgical procedure that can be performed on an
outpatient basis at Loomba IVF’s surgery center. It typically takes
about an hour and requires general anesthesia.
Fertilization and Embryo Development
The retrieved eggs are placed in a petri dish with a special solution
for 2 to 3 hours. During this time, the male partner provides a semen
sample. The sample is delivered to the lab where it undergoes a
clarifying process referred to as “washing”. The washed sperm are
incubated and placed in the petri dish with the eggs. After 18 hours,
the eggs are examined. If fertilization occurs, then two to four of the
resulting embryos are selected for transfer back to the female.
Embryo transfer is a simple procedure that does not require anesthesia.
The selected embryos are inserted into a thin tube and guided toward the
female’s uterus, where it is hoped they will continue their natural
fetal development. Transfer typically takes place two - three days after egg
retrieval, or five to six days after retrieval in the case of blastocyst
transfer. Rest and recovery are recommended for 24 to 48 hours.